His techniques helped to bring Sweden out of the Thirty Years' War and bestow upon the country prominence won on the battlefield. Sweden expanded to become the third biggest nation in Europe after Russia and Spain within only a few years during his reign. In 1611, Sweden was a weak country both a home and abroad. Gustavus Adolphus College's overall average net price combined with a very high quality education, results in a great value for the money when compared to other colleges and universities in Minnesota. 14 Related Question Answers Found What GPA do you need to get into Gustavus? His innovative tactical integration of infantry, cavalry, artillery and logistics earned him the title of the "Father of Modern Warfare." Gustavus Adolphus was a rarity in the Seventeenth Century – a powerful monarch supported by all sections of society. Death date. Munich yields to the Swedish army. His achievements must surely have inspired Peter the Great to do the same for Russia. He was, unquestionably, one of the greatest military generals in all of history, and his battles were studied assiduously by later great military figures. On this day only a special pastry, with a chocolate or marzipan medallion of the king, is sold. However, Gustavus had been tutored by Johan Skytte and he had ensured that the young prince had developed the necessary attributes when dealing with people. He had the one he'd built, drilled, trained, and inspired. At the Battle of Breitenfeld, Gustavus Adolphus decisively defeats the Catholic forces led by Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly, even after the allied Protestant Saxon army had been routed and fled with the baggage train. https://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/sweden-1611-to-1718/gustavus-adolphus Schools are ranked according to their performance across a … Gustavus Adolphus Day is celebrated in Sweden each year on November 6. Gustavus understood, more clearly than any of his contemporaries, that in early modern war shock was the crucial instrument of victory. He is a… I’m your host, Greg Kaster, faculty member in the department of history. Speed was key in the heat of battle, as troops were instructed to quickly fire and reload their weapons. Gustavus worked himself very hard; he was a deeply religious man and a good orator. Gustavus Adolphus's ancestors in three generations. He left one other known child, his illegitimate son, Gustav, Count of Vasaborg. Napoleon thought highly of the achievement, and copied the tactics. Gustavus Adolphus was born in Stockholm as the oldest son of King Charles IX of Sweden of the Vasa dynasty and his second wife, Christina of Holstein-Gottorp. Address. From 1638 to 1655 there was a Swedish colony of New Sweden (Nya Svierge) along the southern part of the Delaware River in Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware. Gustavus Adolphus has been described by E N Williams as “the greatest Swedish King and one of the greatest statesman in European History”.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'historylearningsite_co_uk-medrectangle-4','ezslot_14',114,'0','0'])); Gustavus became king in 1611 and ruled until his death in battle in 1632. He learned a great deal from Maurice of Nassau but Gustavus was also an innovator of change. The day is also an official flag day in the Swedish calendar. Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation. Gustavus Adolphus. Instead of wanting to dominate the world as a great power, although this had certainly played a role in her earlier self-understanding and was very much a concern of Gustavus Adolphus, Sweden became more interested in spreading Enlightenment values. All hail the transcendent King Gustavus Adolphus, founder of the Swedish Empire and her most distinguished military tactician. From the age of 10 he had attended council meetings so by the age of 17 he had a formidable knowledge about affairs of state. In the era, which was characterized by nearly endless warfare, he led his armies as King of Sweden—from 1611, as a seventeen year old, until his death in battle while leading a charge during 1632, in the bloody Thirty Years’ War—as Sweden rose from the status as a mere regional power and run of the mill kingdom to one of the great powers of Europe and a model of early modern era government. 72. Gustavus was well grounded in the classics, and his … When did Gustavus Adolphus "gus" Autry pass away? From the first he was carefully nurtured to be the future prop of Protestantism by his austere parents. List two changes that Gustavus Adolphus made to his army that enabled him to defeat the Spanish? Gustavus married Maria Eleonora, the daughter of Elector John Sigismund of Brandenburg. New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article Gustavus Adolphus is today immortalized in two city squares, one in Stockholm and the other in Gothenburg, both named in Swedish Gustav Adolfs torg. Richelieu provides the money he needed. parents. Gustavus Adolphus was a dedicated Christian, a Reformer-King and a great general. Managed by Caboodle UX design studio in London, Citation: C N Trueman "Gustavus Adolphus", Gustavus Adolphus lead Sweden during her glory years in the. As he was so young when he became king, the. His innovative tactical integration of infantry, cavalry, logistics and particularly his use of artillery, earned him the title of the "Father of Modern Warfare". In a Gustavus' army, the units were extensively cross trained. He was also renowned for the consistency of purpose and the amity of his troops—no one part of his armies were considered better or received preferred treatment as was common in other armies where the cavalry were the elite, followed by the artillerist, and both disdained the lowly infantry. Within Minnesota, Gustavus Adolphus College is Considered a Very High Quality College at a Great Price. In Finland, the day is celebrated as svenska dagen or ruotsalaisuuden päivä, "Swedishness Day," and is a customary flag day. He is also the only Swedish monarch to be styled "t… As a general, Gustavus Adolphus is famous for employing mobile artillery on the battlefield, as well as very aggressive tactics, where attack was stressed over defense, and mobility and cavalry initiative were emphasized. The King is seriously wounded in the battle of Dirschau (Tczew). This article abides by terms of the Creative Commons CC-by-sa 3.0 License (CC-by-sa), which may be used and disseminated with proper attribution. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Gustavus Adolphus Smith (December 26, 1820 – December 11, 1885) was a prosperous carriage maker in Decatur, Illinois before the American Civil War. She abdicated in 1654 in favor of her cousin, resisting pressure to marry and give birth to an heir. The crown of Sweden was inherited in the Vasa family, and from Charles IX's time excluded those Vasa princes who had been traitors or descended from deposed monarchs. Gustavus Adolphus once wrote that, “All wars in Europe hang together.” If Ferdinand was successful in creating a centralized Catholic Germany, Sweden would be in danger. Who was Gustavus Adolphus? Thus, by their decision he is officially, to this day, to be called Gustaf Adolf the Great (Gustavus Adolphus Magnus). In 1611, Sweden was a weak country both a home and abroad. 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