[9], The staircases, made of wood, provided access to all of the temple from the basement to the attic with a landing at each floor. "[9], The pulpits to the West end were reserved for the Aaronic Priesthood. [9], The second floor mezzanine is also presumed to have been divided into fourteen small rooms, seven rooms along each side of the North and South walls of the building, between the arched ceiling of the second floor. The rest of the attic was a pitched-roof section running the length of the temple. The current Nauvoo LDS Temple was rebuilt in 2002 on the site of the ruined temple built by Joseph Smith and his followers back in 1846, just before the Mormon Exodus to Salt Lake City. The area was illuminated by six windows along the foyer's west wall. [9], There were two rooms to the north just past the entrance. One account even reported that “a flame of fire” was seen “to rest upon the temple.” The oxen were solid stone and similarly were placed and appeared sunken into the floor. Doors were never hung, the plastering was unfinished, and the floorboards were only rough timber, not the tongue and grove finished hardwoods of the other floors. [9], Similar to the Kirtland Temple, the hall was fitted with enclosed pews with two aisles running down its length. [9], The first font was built out of tongue and grooved white pine and painted white. Because there were pulpits on both ends of the room, the pews had movable backs which could be swung to face either direction, depending on who was presiding - the Melchizedek Priesthood or the Aaronic Priesthood.[9]. The walls were painted white. Twelve oxen held up the basin, four on each side and two at each end. The lowest level was a drop-table which was raised for use in the sacrament. Therefore, Russellville, Alabama, subsidiary of Minnesota's Vetter Stone Company, was chosen by the Church to provide stone for the new temple. The most perfect horn that could be found was used to model the animals' horns. the floor was stained wood and the walls were painted white. . Saints: The Story of the Church of Jesus Christ in the Latter Days, Charles Lambert autobiography, circa 1885, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/40407/First-sunstones-installed.html. Finally, the New York Home Missionary Society expressed interest in leasing the building as a school, but around midnight on October 8–9, 1848, the temple was set on fire by an unknown arsonist. The basement of the Nauvoo Temple was used as the baptistry, containing a large baptismal font in the center of the main room. [5] Three of the original sunstones are known to have survived and are on display—one is on loan to LDS Church's Visitor Center in Nauvoo, one is in the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C, and the third and only one that has not been restored is displayed, along with the only moonstone on display, at the Joseph Smith Historic Center of the Community of Christ. [9], Second temple constructed by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, For the newer structure rebuilt on the same site, see. Nor were they symmetrical, being sixteen feet in diameter from East to West and seventeen feet in diameter from North to South. These archways led to the vestibule, the formal entrance to the temple. The Nauvoo Temple was the second temple constructed by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Wandle Mace, Autobiography 207 (BYU Special Collections)). After a succession crisis, Brigham Young was sustained as the church's leader by the majority of Latter Day Saints in Nauvoo. There may have been some kind of tank at the eastern end of the baptistry to store and heat water.[9]. Even though the exterior symbols on the pilasters of the Nauvoo Temple are the sun, moon, and stars it should be understood that they are not arranged in the sequence that is associated with the three degrees of glory (i.e., star on bottom = telestial kingdom; moon in the middle = terrestrial kingdom; sun on top = celestial kingdom). The lower, face portion was carved from one piece of limestone, and the trumpets from another. There are over 40 of these stars found on the Salt Lake Temple. The highest three pulpits bore the initials P.A.P., which stood for President of the Aaronic Priesthood. [9], At the top of the two stairways, opening to a foyer, was the attic floor. ], —Angels from heav’n and truth from earth Have met, and both have record borne; Thus Zion’s light is bursting forth, Thus Zion’s light is bursting forth To bring her ransomed children home.1, The walls of the temple featured 30 pilasters, each with a moonstone at the base and a sunstone at the top. The Latter Day Saints made preparations to build a temple soon after establishing their headquarters at Nauvoo, Illinois, in 1839. The top most pulpits read P.H.P., which stood for President of the High Priesthood. 6:00 p.m. Six long chimes ring from a bell located within the Nauvoo Temple tower to signal the first of many dedicatory services for the newly rebuilt Nauvoo Temple. When these parts of the building were completed they were used for performing ordinances (basement and attic) or for worship services (first floor assembly hall). Below is an illustration from the Masonic book, The Craft and Its Symbols, p.75: Masonic symbols have been pictured and discussed in a number of books. Church leaders commissioned this painting from artist Lewis A. Ramsey in 1923 for the centennial of Moroni’s first visit to Joseph Smith. Circular windows in the entablature of the building allowed for illumination. Instead, Wandle Mace, foreman for the framework of the Nauvoo Temple, has explained that the design of the temple was meant to be "a representation of the Church, the Bride, the Lamb's wife". Modern Nauvoo Temple pentagram Webster’s Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary gives the definition of a pentagram as: “a five-pointed star-shaped figure made by extending the sides of a regular pentagon until they meet, used as an occult symbol by the Pythagoreans … Notes [1] Joseph Smith, History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, ed. B. H. Roberts, 2d … This made the room about seventeen feet longer. The clouds of error disappear Before the rays of truth divine; The glory bursting from afar, The glory bursting from afar Wide o’er the nations soon will shine. The order of the stones recalled the woman described in Revelation 12, “clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars” (Revelation 12:1).2 When the original temple was under construction, the New York Spectator published the following review of the temple sunstones in an article about Nauvoo: “On the top, not far from fifty feet high, is an ideal representation of the rising sun, which is a monstrous prominent stone face, the features of which are colossal and singularly expressive. On April 2, 1849, LeBaron sold the damaged temple to Étienne Cabet for $2,000. It was composed of two sections. (Symbols in Stone, p. At its base the Nauvoo Temple was 128 feet (39 m) long and 88 feet (27 m) wide with a tower and weather vane reaching to 164 feet (50 m). 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