Patton believed he had former lives as a soldier and took pride in mystical ties with his ancestors. Speaking later of the German pilots who had struck, Patton remarked, "if I could find the sons of bitches who flew those planes, I'd mail each of them a medal. Chuck Hendrix. Over all the area clung the terrible odor of decomposition and, like a dirge of forlorn hope, the combined cries of these unfortunates rose and fell in weak undulations. [231] President Franklin D. Roosevelt appeared to greatly esteem Patton and his abilities, stating "he is our greatest fighting general, and sheer joy". Major Martin L. Sherman, a doctor in the 3rd Armored’s 45th Medical Battalion, estimated that even with immediate assistance no more than half the starvation patients would survive. Watch Patton visiting Divisional units including the 5th Infantry, 6th Armored, 7th Armored, 10th Armored, 35th Infantry, 80th Infantry, 83rd Infantry and 95th Infantry. During its existence as an underground, state-of-the-art, slave-based multi-facility manufacturing site—the final evolution of the SS master-slave economic system—more than 20,000 people from all over Europe were murdered or died from starvation, disease, or random executions at KZ Dora-Mittelbau, a labor cost of seven to eight slaves per V-2 rocket, which would kill or wound three to five civilians. Jan 16, 2019 - Military , Photo's' Cloths etc. [157] Combined with other demands on the limited resource pool, this resulted in the Third Army exhausting its fuel supplies. So terrible was the magnitude of what General Boudinot saw that day that he ordered the headquarters company photographers and MPs, as well as the newsmen, to gather evidence. He would not work so I hit him over the head with a shovel". [81], On September 30, 1920, then-Major Patton relinquished command of the 304th Tank Brigade and was reassigned to Fort Myer as commander of 3rd Squadron, 3rd Cavalry. "[123], Two high-profile incidents of Patton striking subordinates during the Sicily campaign attracted national controversy following the end of the campaign. The 4th Armored division wait for the construction of Pontoon bridges to the north, while the 8th Armored division fords the river to the south. Various explanations beyond his disappointments have been proposed for Patton's behavior at this point. "[226] Eisenhower believed that other generals such as Bradley should be given the credit for planning the successful Allied campaigns across Europe in which Patton was merely "a brilliant executor".[226]. Patton's views on race were complicated and controversial. [80] Loathing duty as a peacetime staff officer, he spent much time writing technical papers and giving speeches on his combat experiences at the General Staff College. Most of all, your race is looking forward to you. In this speech he aroused some controversy among the Gold Star Mothers when he stated that a man who dies in battle is "frequently a fool",[185] adding that the wounded are heroes. He was the first Army officer to be designated "Master of the Sword",[36][37] a title denoting the school's top instructor in swordsmanship. I was too revolted to speak.” They saw the evil they had defeated on the battlefield. The Third Army was south of the battle area, but with the go-ahead from General Eisenhower, Patton sent the 4th Armored Division, 80th Infantry Division and 26th Infantry Division north. During the September Louisiana Maneuvers, his division was part of the losing Red Army in Phase I, but in Phase II was assigned to the Blue Army. After briefly considering this, Bradley vetoed it, since he was less concerned about killing large numbers of Germans than he was in arranging for the relief of Bastogne before it was overrun. "[102] It was around this time that a reporter, after hearing a speech where Patton said that it took "blood and brains" to win in combat, began calling him "blood and guts". General Henri Giraud was incredulous when he heard of Patton's dismissal by Eisenhower in late 1945, and invited him to Paris to be decorated by French President, Charles de Gaulle, at a state banquet. While Eisenhower and Marshall both considered Patton to be a skilled combat commander, they felt Bradley was less impulsive and less prone to making mistakes. Historians such as Charles Whiting have criticized this strategy as unnecessarily aggressive. [3] He was also a devoted horseback rider. This is my biggest battle. [201], Several actors have portrayed Patton on screen, the most famous being George C. Scott in the 1970 film Patton. He resides in New York City. [170] Within a few days, more than 133,000 Third Army vehicles were rerouted into an offensive that covered an average distance of over 11 miles (18 km) per vehicle, followed by support echelons carrying 62,000 tonnes (61,000 long tons; 68,000 short tons) of supplies.[171]. [20] Family belief held the Pattons were descended from sixteen barons who had signed Magna Carta. [90] This supposed affair distressed his wife and nearly resulted in their separation. The 19th Armored Division was eventually activated just after the war, and allotted to the Sixth Army area of the Organized Reserves (specifically California, Oregon, and Arizona). When Coningham dispatched three officers to Patton's headquarters to persuade him that the British were providing ample air support, they came under German air attack mid-meeting, and part of the ceiling of Patton's office collapsed around them. Patton was given temporary duty in Washington D.C. that year to serve on a committee writing a manual on tank operations. There was not a single incident of a protest or any unsportsmanlike quibbling or fighting for points which I may say, marred some of the other civilian competitions at the Olympic Games. [61] At the conclusion of his tour on December 1, Patton went to Albert, 30 miles (48 km) from Cambrai, to be briefed on the results of this attack by the chief of staff of the British Tank Corps, Colonel J. F. C. Unofficially nicknamed the "Third Herd," the division was first activated in 1941, and was active in the European Theater of World War II. On 24 December Patton was buried at the Luxembourg American Cemetery and Memorial in the Hamm district of Luxembourg City, alongside some wartime casualties of the Third Army, in accordance with his request to, "be buried with [his] men. FUSAG was in reality an intricately constructed fictitious army of decoys, props, and fake radio signal traffic based around Dover to mislead German reconnaissance planes and to make Axis leaders believe that a large force was massing there. Born in 1885, Patton attended the Virginia Military Institute and the United States Military Academy at West Point. If this southward flanking movement along the Many-Florien-Hornbeck-Leesville highway worked, the Red 2nd Army would be … German commanders interviewed after the war noted he could have bypassed the city and moved north to Luxembourg where he would have been able to cut off the German Seventh Army. When Hitler's huge counterattack was overwhelming First U.S. Army's thin line in the Ardennes Forest in December 1944, the 10th Armored Division of Patton's Third Army secretly roared 75 miles north overnight, flung its tanks in front of the German panzers at Bastogne--and held. When their Sicilian owner protested, Patton attacked him with a walking stick and had his troops push the two mule carcasses off the bridge. [Note 1] He was tutored from home until the age of eleven, when he was enrolled in Stephen Clark's School for Boys, a private school in Pasadena, for six years. [110], On March 6, 1943, following the defeat of the U.S. II Corps by the German Afrika Korps, commanded by Generalfeldmarschall Erwin Rommel, at the Battle of Kasserine Pass, Patton replaced Major General Lloyd Fredendall as Commanding General of the II Corps and was promoted to lieutenant general. The 2nd Armored was organized as a "heavy" armored division, having two armored regiments of four medium tank and two light tank battalions of three companies each. Fearing this assignment would dead-end his career, Patton travelled to Washington, D.C. during 11 days of leave and convinced influential friends to arrange a reassignment for him to the 8th Cavalry at Fort Bliss, Texas, anticipating that instability in Mexico might boil over into a full-scale civil war. Once located, the armored infantry would attack using tanks as infantry support. Even more chilling, in the lands where the crimes happened, some groups celebrate the murderers with parades, statues, and dishonored flags. [190] D'Este agrees, saying, "His behavior suggests that in both 1936 [in Hawaii] and 1944–45, the presence of the young and attractive Jean was a means of assuaging the anxieties of a middle-aged man troubled over his virility and a fear of aging. [34] The judges' ruling was upheld. It replaced the 4th Infantry Division under a program called Operation Gyroscope. German losses in the fighting against the Third Army totaled 20,100 killed, 47,700 wounded, and 653,140 captured. Befriending Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson, Patton served as his aide at social functions on top of his regular duties as quartermaster for his troop.[29]. [205] Patton also cultivated a stern expression he called his "war face". The U.S. 3rd Armored Division, a hard-fighting unit, reached the besieged American defenders of Bastogne on 26 December. Both of them had a kind of second sight in regard to this type of warfare. But not at KZ Dora-Mittelbau. As one example, the 82nd Airborne Division final after-action report (AAR) contains a single paragraph in the Military Government section about “the discovery of a concentration camp at WOBBELIN” and the medical and humanitarian efforts undertaken, including a forced reburial of victims by the local population, a virtual constant in American AARs. Moments later his car collided with an American army truck at low speed. His philosophy of leading from the front, and his ability to inspire troops with attention-getting, vulgarity-ridden speeches, such as his famous address to the Third Army, was met favorably by his troops, but much less so by a sharply divided Allied high command. [143] Because of this, Patton was made a prominent figure in the deception operation, Fortitude, during the first half of 1944. Patton developed phlebitis from the injury, which nearly killed him. He wanted to tell the story. [208] The most famous of his speeches were a series he delivered to the Third Army prior to Operation Overlord. [187], Patton was appointed as military governor of Bavaria, where he led the Third Army in denazification efforts. [94] As Chaffee stepped down from command of the I Armored Corps, Patton became the most prominent figure in U.S. armor doctrine. The landings, which took place on November 8, 1942, were opposed by Vichy French forces, but Patton's men quickly gained a beachhead and pushed through fierce resistance. Walter Stitt, Secretary/Treasurer of the 3rd Armored Division Association (WWII), closes the final national reunion on Sept. 18, 2010, in Columbus, Georgia, the home of Ft. Benning.The closing included his favorite poem "Nothing Gold Can Stay" by Robert Frost and a heart-felt rendition of "May the Good Lord Bless and Keep You." [180] Patton later said he felt the correct decision would have been to send a Combat Command, which is a force about three times larger. Self-propelled artillery moved with the spearhead units and was sited well forward, ready to engage protected German positions with indirect fire. George Smith Patton Jr. was born on November 11, 1885,[1][2] in the Los Angeles suburb of San Gabriel, California, to George Smith Patton Sr. and his wife Ruth Wilson, the daughter of Benjamin Davis Wilson. [39] Patton graduated from this school in June 1915. This code phrase initiated a prearranged operational order with Patton's staff, mobilizing three divisions—the 4th Armored Division, the U.S. 80th Infantry Division, and the U.S. 26th Infantry Division—from the Third Army and moving them north toward Bastogne. Hirshson said that the relationship was casual. In March 1945, the 3rd Armored Divis… Patton, however, had already reached the conclusion that he had to halt his own attack and respond to the worsening threat on his left. [144] Through the British network of double-agents, the Allies fed German intelligence a steady stream of false reports about troops sightings and that Patton had been named commander of the First United States Army Group (FUSAG), all designed to convince the Germans that Patton was preparing this massive command for an invasion at Pas de Calais. [96] His exploits earned him a spot on the cover of Life magazine. [164], In December 1944, the German army, under the command of German Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt, launched a last-ditch offensive across Belgium, Luxembourg, and northeastern France. Guessing the intent of the Allied command meeting, Patton ordered his staff to make three separate operational contingency orders to disengage elements of the Third Army from its present position and begin offensive operations toward several objectives in the area of the bulge occupied by German forces. [142], The German High Command had more respect for Patton than for any other Allied commander and considered him to be central to any plan to invade Europe from England. I choked up, couldn’t quite understand how and why anyone could do these things…. On August 24, 1944, the 5th Armored Division was transferred from Lt. Gen. George S. Patton Jr.’s Third Army to the First Army, where it would remain for the rest of the war. He studied fencing and designed the M1913 Cavalry Saber, more commonly known as the "Patton Saber", and competed in modern pentathlon in the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm, Sweden. [179] When Eisenhower learned of the secret mission, he was furious. During the Korean War, the 66th Armored Regiment fought under the moniker "6th Tank Battalion" and was attached to the 24th Infantry Division. Even for veterans of the most gruesome armored combat, men used to violent death and the human wreckage and casual brutality of the battlefield, the conditions they encountered left them shaking with rage, some openly weeping. She lay where she had fallen, gangrened and naked. Bradley expected Patton to explode when he suggested that the rest of Third Army might have to follow the 10th Armored Division north. The local officials disclaimed any knowledge of the camp, which was, of course, tommyrot. The very few alive lay scattered among the mass of corpses, as described in the division official history: “Emaciated, ragged shapes whose fever-bright eyes waited passively, even in the same beds with their dead and dying comrades, too weak to move. General Hickey, teeth tightly clenched on his ever-present pipe and accompanied by his corps commander, Maj. Gen. J. Lawton “Lightning Joe” Collins, toured the barracks. He was very bold and preferred large movements. [139] On January 26, 1944, Patton was formally given command of the U.S. Third Army in England, a newly formed field Army, and he was assigned to prepare its inexperienced soldiers for combat in Europe. [179], By April, resistance against the Third Army was tapering off, and the forces' main efforts turned to managing some 400,000 German prisoners of war. [202][dubious – discuss] He would reprise the role in 1986 in the made-for-television film The Last Days of Patton. The industrial heart and war-making capability of the Third Reich, and its armed forces in the West, had been destroyed. "[113], Patton's training was effective, and on March 17, the U.S. 1st Infantry Division took Gafsa, winning the Battle of El Guettar, and pushing a German and Italian armored force back twice. Later, higher-numbered U.S. armored divisions of World War II were smaller, with a higher ratio of armored infantry to tanks, based on lessons of the fighting in North Africa. [131] Criticism of Patton in the United States was harsh, and included members of Congress and former generals, Pershing among them. It was fired at about 50 m so made a hole about the size of a [silver] dollar where it came out. During the Allied occupation of Germany, Patton was named military governor of Bavaria, but was relieved for making aggressive statements towards the Soviet Union and trivializing denazification. See more ideas about frankfurt germany, germany, photo s. [175] Between January 29 and March 22, the Third Army took Trier, Coblenz, Bingen, Worms, Mainz, Kaiserslautern, and Ludwigshafen, killing or wounding 99,000 and capturing 140,112 German soldiers, which represented virtually all of the remnants of the German First and Seventh Armies. [237], Referring to the escape of the Afrika Korps after the Battle of El Alamein, Fritz Bayerlein opined that "I do not think that General Patton would let us get away so easily. So I went back and made some Americans hiding in the trenches dig a passage. As they progressed through the place, the troops eventually discovered more than 5,000 bodies in the partially destroyed barracks, lying about or stacked for burning at the crematory located in the north of the main camp. Patton later stated that, though he found the duty "most distasteful", he also felt that putting the marchers down prevented an insurrection and saved lives and property. [69], Patton was a staunch fatalist,[206] and he believed in reincarnation. [109] Patton oversaw the conversion of Casablanca into a military port and hosted the Casablanca Conference in January 1943. [107][108] The Sultan of Morocco was so impressed that he presented Patton with the Order of Ouissam Alaouite, with the citation "Les Lions dans leurs tanières tremblent en le voyant approcher" (The lions in their dens tremble at his approach). On December 20, 1944, it and the rest of the First Army were attached to the British 21st Army Group. The Germans launched their last great offensive of the war - the Battle of the Bulge. [4], Patton married Beatrice Banning Ayer, the daughter of Boston industrialist Frederick Ayer, on May 26, 1910, in Beverly Farms, Massachusetts. Among the opinions of Patton's abilities. Entered the service in June 1941 as a 2nd lieutenant, having completed the ROTC program while in college. 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