In that regard, note the following facts about 1 Thessalonians: Every chapter ends with a reference to the coming of the Lord Jesus, and each reference relates the doctrine of His coming to some aspect of practical Christian living. The Greek word for “church” is ekklesia, and in Scripture it simply means a group of people called out for a purpose. In the book of Acts, Dr. Luke gives the historical background which describe the events that led to the formation of the church in the city of Thessalonica. From the 6th century onward, most of the monasteries in the West were of the Benedictine Order. In 380, with the Edict of Thessalonica put forth under Theodosius I, the Roman Empire officially adopted Trinitarian Christianity as its state religion, and Christianity established itself as a predominantly Roman religion in the state church of the Roman Empire. [62] Crypto-Protestants were documented as late as the 19th century in Latin America.[63]. Morris, The Epistles of Paul to the Thessalonians, p. 17).7. [29] He began reopening pagan temples, modifying them to resemble Christian traditions such as the episcopal structure and public charity (previously unknown in Roman paganism). [67]:635[68]:217 In many cases, restorationist groups believed that contemporary Christianity, in all its forms, had deviated from the true, original Christianity, which they then attempted to "reconstruct", often using the Book of Acts as a "guidebook" of sorts. To address the problems of illiteracy among clergy and court scribes, Charlemagne founded schools and attracted the most learned men from all of Europe to his court. 5. Photios refused to accept the supremacy of the pope in Eastern matters or accept the Filioque clause. The first Cistercian abbey was founded in 1098, at Cîteaux Abbey. In 316, he acted as a judge in a North African dispute concerning the Donatist controversy. But he also learned the disturbing news of how the Jews had slandered him accusing him of teaching error and of false motives. In this the Apostle balances the prophetic with the practical. With the exception of the Jews and the God-fearing Gentiles who attended the synagogue, the greater body of converts came to Christ from outright paganism. The Eastern Church argued that the phrase had been added unilaterally and therefore illegitimately, since the East had never been consulted. 4:6-7; 5:17). In August of 2001 he was diagnosed with lung cancer and on August 29th, 2002 he went home to be with the Lord. They show us how Paul worked with and helped young converts. Concerning the day of the Lord (5:1-11), 1. This charge of treason is the first recorded after the trial of Jesus before Pilate and could have been an outgrowth of the eschatological preaching of Paul at Thessalonica as seen in these epistles. The largely Christian Gallo-Roman inhabitants of Gaul (modern France) were overrun by the Franks in the early 5th century. On the one hand, it was a time of great artistic patronage and architectural magnificence, where the Church commissioned such artists as Michelangelo, Brunelleschi, Bramante, Raphael, Fra Angelico, Donatello, and da Vinci. They give insight into the realm of what we can call ‘pediatrics.’. Pius began his pontificate by giving large alms to the poor, charity, and hospitals, and the pontiff was known for consoling the poor and sick as well as supporting missionaries. The Protestant position also included sola scriptura, sola fide, the priesthood of all believers, Law and Gospel, and the two kingdoms doctrine. 3:8). They picture a local church in its most elementary New Testament form. What role did Peter play in its formation? On 11 October 1962, Pope John XXIII opened the Second Vatican Council, the 21st ecumenical council of the Catholic Church. On the other hand, wealthy Italian families often secured episcopal offices, including the papacy, for their own members, some of whom were known for immorality, such as Alexander VI and Sixtus IV. 4:6; 1 Cor. According to Luke, the converts at Thessalonica included Jews and a great multitude of devout Greeks who were attracted by the monotheism and morality of Judaism and who had attached themselves to the synagogue (Acts 17:4). The apostle Paul made the radical shift to proselytize to Gentiles (non-Jews) which advanced the global spread of Christianity as more people joined the Christian community of the church. Its location also contributed to its importance. The Church wanted to end lay investiture to end this and other abuses, to reform the episcopate and provide better pastoral care. It served as a important Allied base during World War I. The religious climate of 1st century Palestine was diverse,[3] with numerous Judaic sects. These epistles give us insight into the heart and motivations of the Apostle Paul and so also to the kind of heart we all need in caring for others in ministry or pastoral care. The New Testament writers also use the terms overseer and elders interchangeably and as synonyms. Concerning the day of Christ: the comfort of His coming (4:13-18), 1. The First Crusade captured Antioch in 1099 and then Jerusalem. It is a marvelous event, but never since the world began was a birth so marvelous as the birth of Christ in itself, It was a miracle God was made manifest. After some days of ministry there, Paul and Silas were arrested on false charges, beaten, and thrown into jail. It began as a dispute in the 11th century between the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII concerning who would appoint bishops (investiture). His followers believe that he is the son of God, and lived, died, and was raised from death for the forgiveness of sin. The inquisitions in combination with the Albigensian Crusade were fairly successful in ending heresy. His followers believe that, according to the Gospels, he was the Son of God and that he died for the forgiveness of sins and was raised from the dead and exalted by God, and will return soon at the inception of God's kingdom. Bulgaria was a pagan country since its establishment in 681 until 864 when Boris I converted to Christianity. [23] The last and most severe persecution organised by the imperial authorities was the Diocletianic Persecution, 303–311. [35] Though efforts were made at reconciliation in the next few centuries, the schism remained permanent, resulting in what is today known as Oriental Orthodoxy. "The Church of God is About to Birth The Kingdom of God" [Updated September 2020] "What is The Conception Comet? Q. The coming of the day of the Lord (5:1-5), C. Concerning deportment in the congregation (5:12-28). The council ultimately rejected Nestorius' view. 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