Accordingly, if we have both a string index signature and a number index signature, the property type of the former must be a supertype of the latter. Lodash library has a nice utility function get. The dot property accessor syntax object.property works nicely when you know the variable ahead of time. Just like in plain JavaScript, TypeScript’s number property keys are a subset of the string property keys (see “JavaScript for impatient programmers”). TypeScript 2.1 adds support for the Object Rest and Spread Properties proposal that is slated for standardization in ES2018. One can think of an object as an associative array (a.k.a. Object Rest and Spread in TypeScript December 23, 2016. The Array.prototype.findIndex() method returns an index in the array if an element in the array satisfies the provided testing function; otherwise, it will return -1, which indicates that no element passed the test. The object might be any or unknown. Otherwise, it will return the value of the property. However, there are some cases where TypeScript at the time of this writing needs a little bit more assistance from us. TypeScript is all about making JavaScript scale intelligently. The keys in this array are the names of the object's properties. Basically, you can specify a path to the property. It's typical when speaking of an object's properties to make a distinction between properties and methods. Let’s assume you have a JavaScript object where you don’t know if a certain property exists. However, the property/method distinction is little more than a convention. In the above section you had learnt how to define property of type string and its initialization. It lets you access a deeply nested property in a safe way. Similarly, there is way to define type for the property if the property is object literal. The keyword as, can be used to let TypeScript know, that you know the value is going to be whatever value type it expects. I have encounter a few times in multiple applications an scenario in which I don't know the properties of an object but I do know that all its properties are of a certain type. map, dictionary, hash, lookup table). Given proper string index signatures, you'll get fewer type errors in these cases, and you'll no longer need to annotate dotted property accesses with type annotations just to make the compiler happy. You can work with rest and spread properties in a type-safe manner and have the compiler downlevel both features all the way down to ES3. nameof is just one of the tricks in the book that makes life a little easier when you want the type safety of knowing that the string you type is a property on a given object. This is especially helpful if you're migrating an existing JavaScript code base to TypeScript. JavaScript provides a bunch of good ways to access object properties. This is a type-safety check in JavaScript, and TypeScript benefits from that. 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